Ranking and International Collaborations
As globalization brings about rapid change in all aspects of research and development, international competition and collaboration have become high-priority items on the agenda of most universities around the world. In this climate of competition and collaboration, ranking universities in terms of their performance has become significantly important. All universities need to know where they stand among other universities, so that they can properly evaluate their current academic performance and also develop strategic plans to strengthen their progress. In an effort to address this need, several ranking systems have been proposed since 2003, including ARWU-Jiao Tong (China), Leiden (The Netherlands), TIMES (United Kingdom), and Webometrics (Spain) which rank universities worldwide based on various criteria. The use of bibliometric data obtained from open-access and credible information resources such as the ISI (Information Sciences Institute) and Google Scholar has contributed to the objectivity of these ranking systems. Nevertheless, most ranking systems cover up to 500 of the top universities around the world, mostly representing institutions located in developed countries. The School of Nursing and Midwifery, Tehran University of Medical Sciences is one of the most distinguished schools of the country. It ranks first among nursing schools in Iran.